Research

Research Reports on Reading Instruction

National Reading Panel Executive Summary

The National Reading Panel was commissioned by Congress in 1997 to determine, based on the best available research and evidence, the most effective reading instruction methods. Its analysis made it clear that the best approach to reading instruction is one that incorporates: Explicit instruction in phonemic awareness and Systematic phonics instruction

NRP: Essential Components of Reading

Summary of NRP Findings by Reading Naturally

Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks For Teaching Children to Read

Summary of the National Reading Panel findings for teachers and parents

Connecting the Science of Reading and Educational Practices

Prof. Marc Siedenberg: Some Reliable Resources about the Science and Its Connection to Reading. Sidenberg is a leading cognitive science researcher on how reading is done at a brain pathway level. His book "Reading at the Speed of Sight"

Ending the Reading Wars: Reading Acquisition From Novice to Expert

We present a comprehensive tutorial review of the science of learning to read, spanning from children’s earliest alphabetic skills through to the fluent word recognition and skilled text comprehension characteristic of expert readers. We explain why phonics instruction is so central to learning in a writing system such as English

Foundational Skills to Support Reading for Understanding in Kindergarten Through 3rd Grade

From the national What Works Clearinghouse

NAEP: National Average Scores - Grade 4

The Nation's Report Card, NAEP has tracked student performance for decades. Reading performance for 4th has increased only2% since 1992. "The average reading score for fourth-grade students in 2019 was approximately 1 point lower compared to 2017, the previous assessment year; the 2019 average score was 4 points higher in comparison to the first reading assessment in 1992."